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Scotland (/ˈskɒt.lənd/Scots[ˈskɔt.lənd]Scottish GaelicAlba [ˈal̪ˠapə] is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain. It shares a border with England to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east and the North Channel and Irish Sea to the south-west. In addition to the mainland, the country is made up of more than 790 islands  including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.

Edinburgh, the country's capital and second-largest city, was the hub of the Scottish Enlightenment of the 18th century, which transformed Scotland into one of the commercial, intellectual, and industrial powerhouses of Europe. Glasgow, Scotland's largest city, was once one of the world's leading industrial cities and now lies at the centre of the Greater Glasgow conurbation. Scottish waters consist of a large sector of the North Atlantic and the North Sea, containing the largest oil reserves in the European Union. This has given Aberdeen, the third-largest city in Scotland, the title of Europe's oil capital.

 

The Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, King James VI of Scotland became King of England and King of Ireland, thus forming a personal union of the three kingdoms. Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain.  The union also created a new Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. The Treaty of Union was agreed in 1706 and enacted by the twin Acts of Union 1707 passed by the Parliaments of both countries, despite some popular opposition and anti-union riots in Edinburgh, Glasgow, and elsewhere.  Great Britain itself subsequently entered into a political union with Ireland on 1 January 1801 to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Scotland's legal system has remained separate from those of England and Wales and Northern Ireland, and Scotland constitutes a distinct jurisdiction in public and private law. The continued existence of legal, educational and religious institutions distinct from those in the remainder of the UK have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and national identity since the 1707 union.  In 1999, a devolved legislature, the Scottish Parliament, was reconvened with authority over many areas of home affairs following a referendum in 1997.

 In May 2011, the Scottish National Party won an overall majority in the Scottish Parliament; as a result a referendum on Scottish independence took place on 18 September 2014, in which independence was rejected by a majority of the Scottish electorate.

 
Official Name: 
Scotland    Scottish Gaelic: Alba 

Time:

Daylight saving time (DST) from March to October: UTC +1 

Capital City: Edinburgh 

Other Cities: 
Aberdeen, Dundee, Glasgow, Inverness, Stirling 

Government:
Type: Constituent Nation of the United Kingdom
Head of state: HM Queen Elizabeth II 

Geography:
Location: Northwest Europe, occupying the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Area
: 78,387 km≤ (30,414 sq mi)
Terrain: mountainous in the Highlands, the low-lying Central Belt, and the hilly Southern Uplands. 

Climate: unpredictable, northern European temperate, influenced by the sea, the cold arctic and the warm air from the gulf stream. 

People:
Nationality: Noun--Scot(s), Adjective--Scottish, Scotch
Population
: 5,255,000 (2010)
Ethnic Groups: Scots, British
Religions: Church of Scotland (The Kirk) functions as the national church (42%), No Religion (28%), Roman Catholicism (16%)
Languages
: English, Scottish Gaelic and Lowland Scots 
Literacy: 99% 

Currency:
 Pound sterling £ (GBP)
 
Edinburgh
Glasgow
Aberdeen
 
 
International flights from Asia
Emirates from Dubai to Glasgow - daily
Qatar Airways from Doha to Edinburgh - 5 times weekly
Etihad Airway from Abu Dhabi to Edinburgh - daily flights from June 2015
Tours of Scotland
We offer special tailor made tours for you.
  • any duration from 2 days to 15 days
  • accommodation in 3 star to deluxe 5 star hotels

transport by

  • Private car with driver-guide
  • limousine with driver-guide
  • luxury minibus from 8 seater to 16 seater
  • luxury coach from 20 seater to 55 seater
Scotland Great train journeys-West Highlands
 
Berkeley International   
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Malaysia
john@berkeley-travel.net
Phone  +603 7731 2242